How did Alexander the Great subjugate rebellious
provinces? Ancient sources say he had a series of fortresses built to keep the peace
in Bactria, today Uzbekistan.
One of the six fortresses from the 4th century
BC is at Kurganzol, about 100 km north of Termes. Discovered in 2003, it was
excavated in 2008 in collaboration with the DAI’s Eurasia Department. An
unexpected find was a bath tub made of fired clay. It’s unique in Hellenistic central
Asia and was probably introduced by the Greeks.
After Alexander and his successors had finally
pacified the region, the fortress was abandoned in the 3rd century BC. Until
then it had been an important base, as is suggested by thick burnt layers,
which could be the result of military action.