When you walk through the ruins of the ancient city of Pergamon today or look at the 3D reconstruction of the ancient city hill, you inevitably ask yourself where the many building stones for the countless streets, houses and monumental buildings came from. Where the stones were quarried and by what routes were they transported to the city and up the steep city hill? Similar questions are also being asked in our current TransPergMicro project. In interdisciplinary groups we investigate the building economy between the Hellenistic and Roman Imperial periods.
In antiquity, people’s relationship with nature was strongly influenced by religion. Natural phenomena such as thunder and lightning, but also the dawn or the ripening of crops were associated with the intervention of divine powers. People turned to them for blessings or protection from harm by the forces of nature, which were perceived as omnipotent.
In der Antike war das Verhältnis der Menschen zur Natur stark von der Religion geprägt. Naturphänomene wie Blitz und Donner, aber auch die Morgenröte oder das Reifen der Feldfrüchte wurden mit dem Wirken göttlicher Mächte in Verbindung gebracht. An sie wandte man sich mit der Bitte um Segen oder den Schutz vor Unheil durch die als allmächtig empfundenen Naturkräfte.
Antik çağda insanın doğayla olan ilişkisi, çok güçlü bir şekilde din üzerinden şekillenmekteydi. Gök gürültüsü ve şimşek gibi doğa olaylarının yanı sıra şafak vakti ya da ekinlerin olgunlaşması da ilahi güçlerle ilişkilendirilirdi. İnsanlar, her şeye kadir olarak algılanan bu güçlere doğanın gazabından korunmak ya da onun bereketini dilemek için dua ederlerdi.
Lecture Announcement: As part of the conference “Phrygia. Between the East and the West”, organised by the University of Pavia and New York University, Güler Ateş and Felix Pirson will give a talk on “Meter-Kybele in the Pergamon Micro-Region” on Saturday, 9th April 2022.
The event will be streamed on the Save Ancient Studies Alliance and Digital Hammurabi’s YouTube Channels.
Bu nedenle Pergamon’un yakınlarında keşfedilen geniş bir amphora üretim alanı, yalnızca antik kentin değil, çekirdek bölgesinin ve daha da ötesinin araştırılmasında büyük önem taşımaktadır. Buluntu yeri DFG (Alman Araştırma Vakfı) tarafından finanse edilen TransPergMikro projesi çerçevesinde Pergamon’un yakın çevresinde yürütülen yüzey araştırmaları esnasında keşfedildi.
The discovery of a large amphora production site in the vicinity of Pergamon is of great importance for the study of the ancient city, its micro-region and beyond. The site was recently discovered and investigated during fieldwork of the Archaeological Survey in Pergamon’s surroundings as part of the DFG-funded TransPergMicro project.
Following two years (2019 and 2020) of intensive field survey at Çandarlı (ancient Pitane), which was completed in 2020, this year’s research focus was fully devoted to the study of the artefacts we have collected. We did visit Çandarlı on two occasions, not for more artefact collection, but to verify and discuss some of our observations, as well as to show the research area to our new team members.
New paper published! In collaboration between colleagues from the TransPergMicro project and the Collaborative Research Centre 1266, we approached the social ecology of the ancient Pergamon Micro-Region to assess its environmental and social carrying capacity and to gain insights into the transformative potential of land use strategies under changing populations.