Last week the conference „Groundcheck – Cultural Heritage and Climate Change“ in cooperation with the Archaeological Heritage Network was supposed to take place. Although we had to postpone due to #COVID19, we will present some of our remarkable speakers in short interviews.
In this interview Dr. Mairi Davies (Historic Environment Scotland) talkes about her presentation „A collaborative approach to addressing coastal erosion and flooding on cultural heritage sites in Scotland“ that will be held at the postponed conference.
Historic Environment Scotland (HES) is fulfilling its leadership role in climate action through partnership working. This includes grants to support citizen science such as SCHARP, pioneering projects such as Dynamic Coast: Scotland’s Coastal Change Assessment and Edinburgh Adapts and a collaborative research project analysing risk to the HES Estate.
DR. DAVIES, HOW DOES CLIMATE CHANGE AND ESPECIALLY COASTAL EROSION AND FLOODING AFFECT SCOTLAND’S CULTURAL HERITAGE?
Climate change has a huge range of impacts on Scotland’s cultural heritage, from our traditional buildings to shipwrecks and prehistoric monuments. Together with partners, we’ve summarised these in a Guide to Climate Change Impacts on the Historic Environment, which you can download at Historicenvironment.scot. Coastal erosion and flooding causes damage to and loss of historic structures and archaeological deposits, and exposure to water and salt can accelerate decay.
WHICH ACTIONS DOES HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT SCOTLAND TAKE TO PROTECT SCOTLAND’S HISTORIC SITES AND HOW CAN A COLLABORATIVE APPROACH HELP?
We care for and protect our historic environment by law and through national and local policy and guidance. For many years, Historic Environment Scotland has financially supported the work of Scotland’s Coastal Heritage at Risk (SCHARP), who work with communities to record and monitor their eroding heritage. HES also looks after 336 Historic Scotland properties in state care, many of which are on the coast and exposed to rising sea levels and changing weather patterns. We’ve been working with Dynamic Coast to better understand coastal change and vulnerability and this is informing our ongoing management of these sites. We’ve also worked with international partners and local people to understand the vulnerability of the Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage site to the changing climate. The recent Learning From Loss project brought together experts with communities to consider issues around prioritisation and loss. Wemyss Caves is a great example of a community coming together to celebrate and protect its coastal heritage.
WHAT ARE YOUR GOALS FOR THE FUTURE?
We’ve just launched our Climate Action Plan, which sets out our work for the next five years. We want to increase resilience by mainstreaming climate change risk assessment into our policy and operations. We’ll be developing a Climate Change Adaptation Plan for HES and further developing our understanding of vulnerability and natural hazards across the properties we care for. We want to act as an exemplar, promote good practice and work with partners on adaptation in the historic environment.