Architectural History

Ein Blick auf die Westthermen von Pergamon: Neuste Forschungen zur römischen Badekultur in Asia Minor

Die Überreste der Westthermen in Pergamon wurden 1906-07 freigelegt. 2022 setzten Studierende der TU Berlin im Rahmen des TransPergMikro-Projektes den Bau erneut in den Fokus. Die umfassende Baudokumentation enthüllte bislang unbeachtete Bereiche und lieferte neue Erkenntnisse über Bauphasen und Nutzung, die zur Klärung urbaner Strukturen beitragen.

Archaeology

The Selinos River in Pergamon. Investigating the Relations Between Urban Development, the Alteration of Natural Space and Changing River Dynamics

The Selinos River, now known as Bergama Çayı, plays a significant role in shaping the urban landscape of the city. This was highlighted at the annual TransPergMicro workshop, where the relationship between urban development, changes in natural space, and the river’s dynamics were analysed and discussed. The initial findings, presented in this blog post, will be incorporated into a TransPergMicro sub-project.

Geography

Alluvial fans and ‘chocolate bars’: Unveiling the sedimentary archives of the Pergamon Micro-Region

In exploring sedimentary profiles obtained by vibra-coring in the Bakırçay plain, our interdisciplinary fieldwork investigates the development of alluvial fans in the Pergamon micro-region. We aim to uncover the intricate interplay between sediment dynamics and historical settlement patterns. At the same time, our study of ‚chocolate bars‘ provides insights into ancient pottery production and highlights the relationship between human activity and the landscape in the Pergamon Micro-Region.

Archaeology

Secrets of Selinus: New Discoveries Reshape the Understanding of Pergamon’s Urban Riverbank

The developing landscape of Bergama unfolds along the Bergama Çayı, where the recent construction of a river embankment by the DSİ revealed ancient structures. Excavations from 2021 to 2023 under the direction of Bergama Müzesi uncovered an 1 km² wide area. In collaboration with DSİ, the İzmir State Monuments Authority and the Pergamon Excavation Project, the ongoing conservation work is contributing to a master’s thesis focusing on detailed documentation, with an emphasis on construction phases and techniques. This study explores the historical layers of the site to uncover ancient urban development and the interactions between human and nature during the Roman Imperial period.

Archaeology

Temple, Villa, or…? A Rural Site in the Pergamon Micro-Region

The Sultan Tepe site, discovered in 2009 and revisited in 2019 and 2020, near Pergamon reveals intriguing findings. The non-invasive survey suggests a complex history: a potential villa with a courtyard, a sanctuary, or even a mansio. Geophysical data points to a 175 x 100 m structure, possibly a villa. Pottery spans late Hellenistic to Byzantine periods. Despite uncertainties, this interdisciplinary approach offers valuable insights into the region’s historical development. The full study will be in ‚Istanbuler Mitteilungen.‘

Archaeology

Pergamon’u yeni yürüyüş rehberiyle keşfedin

Alman Arkeoloji Enstitüsü tarafından yürütülen Bergama Kazısı, ziyaretçilere sadece antik kalıntılar arasında rehberlik etmekle kalmayan, aynı zamanda modern Bergama kentinin tamamını kapsayan  rotalar öneren bir turistik harita oluşturdu. Bu haritanın, insanları bireysel rotaları deneyimlemeye ve Bergama’nın antik çağlardan Bizans ve Osmanlı dönemleri gibi daha yakın dönemlere kadar uzanan zengin kültürel mirasını deneyimlemeye teşvik etmesi amaçlanıyor.

Architectural History

The Largest Theater in Ancient Asia Minor Rediscovered

The Theater in the lower city of Pergamon was part of a group of large buildings erected during the Roman Imperial period. It was partly excavated in the mid-20th century, but a complete study of its architecture was still pending. Recently, a Turkish-German team conducted systematic investigations, resulting in new insights into the building’s construction phases. Moreover, the research revealed that it is the largest ancient theater in Asia Minor, reflecting the competition between the cities of Ephesus, Smyrna and Pergamon. Its ground plan has been integrated into the Pergamon Digital Map, which will soon be released in version 1.2.

Archaeology

Küçük Asya’daki En Büyük Tiyatro Yeniden Keşfedildi

Pergamon aşağı kentte yer alan Tiyatro, Roma İmparatorluk Dönemi’nde inşa edilmiş büyük bir yapı grubunun parçasıdır. 20. yüzyılın ortalarında kısmen kazılmış olmasına karşın yapının mimarisine ilişkin kapsamlı bir çalışma gerçekleştirilmemişti. Yakın bir zaman önce, Türk ve Alman üyelerden oluşan ekipçe yürütülen sistematik araştırmalar sonucunda, Tiyatro’nun inşaat aşamalarına ilişkin yeni bilgiler de elde edilmiştir. Bu çalışma ayrıca, Tiyatro’nun Küçük Asya’daki en büyük antik tiyatro olduğunu ortaya koymuştur. Bu durum Efes, Smyrna ve Bergama şehirleri arasındaki rekabetin ortaya çıkan bir yansımasıdır. Yapıya ait oluşturulan yeni plan, 1.2 sürümünde yayınlanacak olan Pergamon Dijital Haritası’na entegre edilmiştir.

Archaeology

Unbekanntes Pergamon: Neue Erkenntnisse zur spätantiken und frühbyzantinischen Stadt

Die Siedlungsgeschichte und städtebauliche Entwicklung Pergamons sind durch mehrere Phasen der Ausdehnung, aber auch der Schrumpfung der Stadt gekennzeichnet, die im Laufe der Zeit ihren Charakter wiederholt verändert hat. Nach einer etwa 250-jährigen Geschichte als befestigte hellenistische Residenzstadt veränderte Pergamon erst in der römischen Kaiserzeit grundsätzlich sein Antlitz. Im Verlauf des 1. Jh. n. Chr. dehnte sich die Stadt über den alten Befestigungsring hinaus auf dem Schwemmfächer des Selinus aus

Archaeology

Ancient quarries in the vicinity of Pergamon

When you walk through the ruins of the ancient city of Pergamon today or look at the 3D reconstruction of the ancient city hill, you inevitably ask yourself where the many building stones for the countless streets, houses and monumental buildings came from. Where the stones were quarried and by what routes were they transported to the city and up the steep city hill? Similar questions are also being asked in our current TransPergMicro project. In interdisciplinary groups we investigate the building economy between the Hellenistic and Roman Imperial periods.

Archaeology

Unter den Augen der Göttin: Zwei neu entdeckte Felsheiligtümer in der Mikroregion Pergamon

In der Antike war das Verhältnis der Menschen zur Natur stark von der Religion geprägt. Naturphänomene wie Blitz und Donner, aber auch die Morgenröte oder das Reifen der Feldfrüchte wurden mit dem Wirken göttlicher Mächte in Verbindung gebracht. An sie wandte man sich mit der Bitte um Segen oder den Schutz vor Unheil durch die als allmächtig empfundenen Naturkräfte.

Project

Lecture Announcement

Lecture Announcement: As part of the conference „Phrygia. Between the East and the West“, organised by the University of Pavia and New York University, Güler Ateş and Felix Pirson will give a talk on „Meter-Kybele in the Pergamon Micro-Region“ on Saturday, 9th April 2022.
The event will be streamed on the Save Ancient Studies Alliance and Digital Hammurabi’s YouTube Channels.